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INFLUENCE OF THE BAN ON THE USE OF VEHICLES WITH INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES (ICE) ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Authors: Itsik Sapir , Michael Ben –°haim, Doron Grenberg


Abstract:

The article presents a problematic scenario of gasoline price reduction due to successful Electric Vehicle (EV) market penetration. First, we examine the EV and plug-in hybrid (PHEV) market today to find that it is ready to replace ICEs in scenarios of short urban and suburban trips of 150 km. We simulated a 150 km trip in terms of marginal cost of air pollution, assuming gasoline as the sole energy source for all 3 options. We found that even in this hypothetical scenario, a reduction of 62% in air pollution cost is possible, which implies that it is possible to achieve even more significant reduction of air pollution costs by using a less polluting energy source for electric generation of EVs and PHEVs. Finally, we suggest some new regulations for the energy market in order to allow a smooth transition to EVs.

Keywords: : Electric vehicle; hybrid vehicle; hybrid plug-in vehicle; EV mileage; traffic energy Consumption; air pollution marginal costs; ICE ban; ICE proscription; ICE Regulations; EV market penetration.

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